Compressed hydrogen in and pure water out. That's the simplicity of a fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). With zero greenhouse gases or air pollution emitted during operation, FCEVs are paving the way for a future of sustainable transportation.
A hydrogen fuel cell is two to three times as efficient as an internal combustion engine, so FCEVs can easily store the fuel needed to travel 300 miles before refueling.
Unlike battery electric vehicles, which can take hours to charge, FCEVs fill up in minutes using familiar technology similar to standard gasoline and diesel filling stations.
With no mechanical gears or combustion, FCEVs only make a quiet hum, even at highway speeds.
Hydrogen is an extensively tested and proven fuel that is just as safe as the gasoline used to power everyday vehicles. Vehicles are outfitted with a number of standard safety systems and features, which must meet applicable DOT criteria before hitting the road.
FCEVs have racked up millions of test miles and are proven reliable and ready for use anywhere in the world. Most manufacturers have a fuel cell vehicle that is ready to go now or will be very soon.
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By making the switch to hydrogen fuel, transit agencies are doing their part to conserve natural resources, improve the health in our cities and create a greener, cleaner future for our citizens without compromising on vehicle performance. Individual fuel cells can be assembled into stacks to increase power, making them a scalable solution for full-size passenger buses and smaller paratransit applications.
With clean water as the only emission, hydrogen-powered buses release zero pollutants or greenhouse gases into the air, putting the health of our people and planet first.
Fuel cell electric-powered buses are 2-3 times more efficient than those with internal combustion engines and will eliminate the consumption of 9,000 gallons of fuel over the lifetime of the vehicle.
Hydrogen is a non-toxic, extensively tested and proven fuel that is just as safe as the gasoline used to power everyday vehicles.
Hydrogen fuel cell buses fill up in minutes and are the most flexible option for zero-emission transportation. Like diesel buses, they operate on a long-duty cycle of 12-16 hours without re-fueling.
With only a quiet hum, hydrogen-powered buses are more enjoyable for the riders and reduce noise pollution in the cities they serve.
More than 80 fuel cell buses are in operation or planned around the country, including in Ohio, Michigan, California, South Carolina, Texas, Delaware, Hawaii, Alabama and New York. Hundreds of fuel cell buses are also running routes through Europe and Asia. In many countries, the fuel cell bus has become the standard for mass transit because the buses can be used interchangeably with diesel buses, but are zero emission and completely quiet. Read more program success stories.
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Learn more about how the Midwest Hydrogen Center of Excellence can help connect your transit agency with transformative funding opportunities.
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Hydrogen fuel cell-powered lift trucks are being put to work in warehouses all over the country. With more than 11,000 operating in at least 26 states and a two-year return on investment over and above battery-powered units, hydrogen fuel cell-powered lift trucks are a smart and economic option for materials handling. In the state of Ohio alone, there are almost 1,000 fuel cell lift trucks in operation.
Unlike propane-powered lift trucks, hydrogen fuel cell-powered lift trucks emit zero greenhouse gases or harmful pollutants.
Hydrogen fuel cell-powered lift trucks run up to three times longer than battery-powered units and eliminate the need for battery changes during a shift.
Unlike battery-powered units, which can vary in performance throughout the last half of the battery charge, hydrogen fuel cell-powered units deliver consistent power until the fuel tank is depleted.
Fueling takes minutes and can be performed at an on-site generation system operated by lift truck operators.
Fuel cell lift trucks enjoy very attractive economics as compared to electric vehicles. Fuel cells last longer than battery packs and do not require a complex recharging management plan or warehouse space for recharging racks.
- Home Depot
- Ace Hardware
- Kroger Co.
- Central Grocers
- Golden State Foods
- Testa Produce
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Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are completely zero-emission and can be easily scaled to meet the needs of diverse applications. This makes them a viable option for transportation applications including light-duty, medium-duty delivery and heavy-duty freight trucks and municipal and commercial fleets, which may include any number of vehicle types.
FCEVs can be fueled by locally generated renewable alternative fuels, making them an attractive option for municipal, commercial and delivery fleets looking for green vehicle options. Because fleet vehicles typically return to home base after completing their mission each day, municipalities and private fleets are good candidates for on-site refueling stations. Once operating, these stations can also serve the public by providing fuel for passenger FCEVs.
Current interest is focused on a hybrid approach to large vehicles – a battery electric base with a fuel cell range extender. Examples on the road today include:
- Paratransit vehicle – Based on the battery electric Nissan eNV 200, this vehicle has 6 kg of hydrogen storage and a 5 kW fuel cell, extending the range from 80 to 250 miles.
- Nikola tractor – Made for over-the-road trucking, the 1,000 hp truck has a range of up to 1,200 miles.